Adobe Photoshop CS3 Shortcut Keys


Draw Marquee from Center Alt-Marquee
Add to a Selection Shift
Subtract from a Selection Alt
Intersection with a Selection Shift-Alt
Make Copy of Selection w/Move tool Alt-Drag Selection
Make Copy of Selection when not in Move tool Ctrl-Alt-Drag Selection
Move Selection (in 1-pixel Increments) Arrow Keys
Move Selection (in 10-pixel Increments) Shift-Arrow Keys
Select all Opaque Pixels on Layer Ctrl-click on Layer Thumbnail (in Layers palette)
Restore Last Selection Ctrl-Shift-D
Feather Selection Ctrl-Alt-D or Shift-F6
Move Marquee while drawing selection Hold Space while drawing marquee
Fit on Screen Double-click on Hand tool or Ctrl-0
100% View Level (Actual Pixels) Double-Click on Zoom Tool or Ctrl-Alt-0
Zoom in Ctrl-Space-Click or Ctrl-Plus(+)
Zoom out Alt-Space-Click or Ctrl-Minus(–)
Hide all tools and palettes Tab
Hide all palettes except Toolbox and Options bar Shift-Tab
Rotate through full screen modes F
Display menu bar when viewing in full-screen mode Shift-F (then press F to hide)
Scroll image left or right in window Ctrl-Shift-Page Up/Down
Jump/Zoom to part of Image Ctrl-drag in Navigator palette
Toggles layer mask on/off as rubylith \
Layer Shortcuts
Create new layer Ctrl-Shift-N
Select non-contiguous layers Ctrl-Click layers
Select contiguous layers Click one layer, then Shift-Click another layer
Delete Layer Delete key (while in the Move tool)
View contents of layer mask Alt-Click layer mask icon
Temporarily turn off layer mask Shift-Click layer mask icon
Clone layer as you move it Alt-Drag
Find/Select layer containing object Right-Click on the object w/Move tool
Change layer opacity Number pad keys (w/Move tool selected)
Cycle down or up through blend modes Shift-Plus(+) or Minus(–)
Change to a specific blend mode (w/Move tool) Shift-Alt-letter (ie: N=Normal, M=Multiply. etc.)
Switch to layer below/above current layer Alt-[ or Alt-]
Type Shortcuts
Select all text on layer Double-Click on T thumbnail in Layer palette
Increase/Decrease size of selected text by 2 pts Ctrl-Shift->/<
Increase/Decrease size of selected text by 10 pts Ctrl-Shift-Alt->/<
Increase/Decrease kerning/tracking Alt-Right/Left Arrow
Align text left/center/right Ctrl-Shift-L/C/R
Fill selection with background color Ctrl-Backspace
Fill selection with foreground color Alt-Backspace
Fill selection with foreground color using Lock Transparent Pixels Shift-Alt-Backspace
Fill selection with source state in History palette Ctrl-Alt-Backspace
Display Fill dialog box Shift-Backspace
Sample as background color Alt-Click w/Eyedropper tool
To get Move tool While in any painting/editing tool-hold Ctrl
To get Eyedropper with Paint tools Alt
Change paint opacity (with Airbrush OFF) Number keys
Change paint opacity (with Airbrush ON) Shift-Number keys
Change Airbrush flow (with Airbrush ON) Number keys
Change Airbrush flow (with Airbrush OFF) Shift-Number keys
Cross-Hair Cursor Any painting/editing tool-turn Caps Lock on
Decrease/Increase Brush Size [ or ]
Decrease/Increase Hardness of Brush Shift-[ or Shift-]
Switch between preset Brushes < or >
Open Brushes pop-up palette Right-Click in Image window
Erase to History palette’s source state Alt-Eraser
Cycle down or up through blend modes Shift-Plus(+) or Minus(–)
Change to a specific blend mode Shift-Alt-letter (ie: N=Normal, M=Multiply, etc.)
Create fixed color target from within a dialog box Shift-Click in image window
Delete fixed color target Alt-Click on target with Color Sampler tool
Create new spot-color channel from current selection Ctrl-Click on New Channel button in Channels palette
Pen Tool Shortcuts
To get Direct Selection tool while using Pen Ctrl
Switch between Add-Anchor and Delete-Anchor Point tools Alt
Switch from Path Selection tool to Convert Point tool when pointer is over anchor point Ctrl-Alt
To Select a whole path w/Direct Selection tool Alt-click
Convert path to a selection Ctrl-click on path name (in Paths palette)
Palette Shortcuts
Show/Hide Brushes palette F5
Show/Hide Color palette F6
Show/Hide Layers palette F7
Show/Hide Info palette F8
Show/Hide Actions palette Alt-F9
Open Adobe Bridge Ctrl-Alt-O
Other Shortcuts
Switch between open documents Ctrl-Tab
Undo or Redo operations beyond last one Ctrl-Alt-Z/Ctrl-Shift-Z
Apply Last Filter Ctrl-F
Opens Last Filter Dialog Box Ctrl-Alt-F
Hand Tool Spacebar
Reset Dialog Box Hold Alt, Cancel turns into Reset Button, Click it
Increase/Decrease value (in any option field) by 1 unit Up/Down Arrow
Increase/Decrease value (in any option field) by 10 units Shift-Up/Down Arrow
Replay last Transformation Ctrl-Shift-T
Measure Angle between Lines (Protractor Function) After ruler is drawn, Alt-Drag end of line with Ruler Tool
Move Crop Marquee while creating Hold Space while drawing
Snap Guide to Ruler ticks Hold Shift while dragging
Highlight Fields in Options bar (n/a for all tools) Enter
Don’t Snap object edge while moving Hold Control while dragging
V Move
M Rectangular Marquee, Elliptical Marquee
L Lasso tools
W Quick Selection, Magic Wand
C Crop
K Slice tools
J Spot Healing Brush, Healing Brush, Patch, Red Eye
B Brush, Pencil, Color Replacement
S Clone Stamp, Pattern Stamp
Y History Brush, Art History Brush
E Eraser tools
G Gradient, Paint Bucket
R Blur, Sharpen, Smudge
O Dodge, Burn, Sponge
P Pen tools
T Type tools
A Path Selection, Direct Selection
U Rectangle, Rounded Rectangle, Ellipse, Polygon, Line, Custom Shape
N Notes tools
I Eyedropper, Color Sampler, Ruler, Count
H Hand
Z Zoom
X Switch Foreground and Background colors
D Default colors
Q Quick Mask Mode
F Cycle through screen modes

VLC Media Player Shortcut Keys


File Operations

CTRL + O : Open a single  file
CTRL + SHIFT + O : Open multiple files
CTRL + F : Open folder
CTRL + D : Open disk
CTRL + N : Open network stream
CTRL + C : Open capture device
CTRL + V : Open location copied in the clipboard
CTRL + R : Convert and save file
CTRL + S : Stream your media locally or on the internet

Program Operations

CTRL + Q or ALT + F4 or ALT + Q : Quit
CTRL + E : Open the adjustment and effects menu
CTRL + SHIFT + W : VLM Configuration
CTRL + M : Open the message screen
CTRL + P : Open the preferences menu
F1 : Help
SHIFT + F1 : About

Playing Operations

SPACE : Play and Pause a file
N : Next Track
P : Previous Track
F or F11 or Mouse Double Click : Full screen mode on and off
CTRL + H : Switch minimal interface on and off
T : Show current and remaining time information
CTRL + T : Go to a specific time of a playing media
P : Go and play from the start of a file
S : Stop movie
Esc : Full screen exit
E : Switch to next frame
L : Loop off, one or all
R : Random on and off


G : Decrease subtitle delay
H : Increase subtitle delay
V : Cycle through subtitles

Playing Speed

[ : Decrease playing speed
] : Increase playing speed
= : Normal playing speed

Quick Forward and Backward

SHIFT + RIGHT ARROW : 3 seconds forward
SHIFT + LEFT ARROW : 3 seconds backward
ALT + RIGHT ARROW : 10 seconds forward
ALT + LEFT ARROW : 10 seconds backward
CTRL + RIGHT ARROW : 1 minute forward
CTRL + LEFT ARROW : 1 minute backward

Display Options

A: Cycle aspect ratio
C : Cycle through crop display area
Z : Cycle through zoom mode
D : Deinterlace On and Off
O : Switch to original size of the video
W : Wallpaper mode on (with DirectX output)

Sound and Audio Operations

CTRL + UP ARROW or Mouse Scroll Up : Volume Up
CTRL + DOWN ARROW or Mouse Scroll Down : Volume Down
J : Decrease audio delay
K : Increase audio delay
B : Cycle through available audio tracks
M : Mute sound on and off
Shift + A : Cycle through audio devices

Media Information

CTRL + I : View and edit media information like title, artist, album
CTRL + J : View codec information like your media dimensions, audio and video codecs

Playlist Operations

CTRL + L : Switch to playlist or back to media
CTRL + Y : Save current playlist to a file
CTRL + B : Create, delete and clear bookmarks menu.

Disc Operations

Shift + B : Next title
Shift + O : Previous title
Shift + N : Next chapter
Shift + P : Previous chapter
Shift + M : Disk Menu
Shift + H : History forward
Shift + G : History back


Shift + R : Start and stop recording
Shift + S : Take snapshot
ALT + C : Crop from bottom
ALT+ SHIFT + C : Uncrop from bottom
ALT + D : Crop from left
ALT + SHIFT + D : Uncrop from left
ALT + F : Crop from right
ALT + SHIFT + F : Uncrop from right
ALT + R : Crop from top
ALT + SHIFT + R : Uncrop from top

File Menu Operations

ALT + M : Open media menu
ALT + L : Open playback menu
ALT + A : Open audio menu
ALT + V : Open video menu
ALT + S : Open subtitle menu
ALT + O : Open tools menu
ALT + I : Open view menu
ALT + H : Open help menu

Turbo C++ Shortcut Keys

images (1)

S.No. Shortcuts keys Action
1. F1 For Help
2. F2 Save
3. F3 Open
4. F4 Go to cursor
5. F5 Zoom
6. F6 Next
7. F7 Trace into
8. F8 Step over
9. F9 Make
10. F10 Menu
11. Alt+X Quit
12. Alt+Bksp Undo
 13. Shift+Alt+Bksp Redo
14. Shift+Del Cut
15. Ctrl+Ins Copy
16. Shift+Ins Paste
17. Ctrl+Del Clear
18. Ctrl+L Search again
 19. Alt+F7 Previous error
 20. Alt+F8 Next error
21.  Ctrl+F9 ‘or’ Alt+R+Enter Run
22. Ctrl+F2 Program reset
23. Alt+F9 Compile
24. Alt+F4 Inspect
25. Ctrl+F4 Evaluate/Modify
26. Ctrl+F3 Call stack
27. Ctrl+F8 Toggle breakpoint
28. Ctrl+F5 Size/Move
29. Alt+F3 Close
30. Alt+F5 User screen
31. Alt+0 List all
32. Shift+F1 Index
33. Ctrl+F1 Topic search
34. Alt+F1 Previous topic
35. Ctrl+F7 Add watch
36. Alt+Enter Toggle screen mode(Full Screen / Window)*

Ubuntu Shortcut Keys

General keyboard shortcuts

Ctrl + A = Select all
Ctrl + C = Copy the highlighted content to clipboard
Ctrl + V = Paste the clipboard content
Ctrl + N = New (Create a new document, not in terminal)
Ctrl + O = Open a document
Ctrl + S = Save the current document
Ctrl + P = Print the current document
Ctrl + W = Close the close document
Ctrl + Q = Quit the current application

Keyboard shortcuts for GNOME desktop

Ctrl + Alt + F1 = Switch to the first virtual terminal
Ctrl + Alt + F2(F3)(F4)(F5)(F6) = Select the different virtual terminals
Ctrl + Alt + F7 = Restore back to the current terminal session with X
Ctrl + Alt + Backspace = Restart GNOME
Alt + Tab = Switch between open programs
Ctrl + Alt + L = Lock the screen.
Alt + F1 = opens the Applications menu
Alt + F2 = opens the Run Application dialog box.
Alt + F3 = opens the Deskbar Applet
Alt + F4 = closes the current window.
Alt + F5 = unmaximizes the current window.
Alt + F7 = move the current window
Alt + F8 = resizes the current window.
Alt + F9 = minimizes the current window.
Alt + F10 =  maximizes the current window.
Alt + Space = opens the window menu.
Ctrl + Alt + + = Switch to next X resolution
Ctrl + Alt + – = Switch to previous X resolution
Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right = move to the next/previous workspace

Keyboard shortcuts for Terminal

Ctrl + A = Move cursor to beginning of line
Ctrl + E = Move cursor to end of line
Ctrl + C = kills the current process.
Ctrl + Z = sends the current process to the background.
Ctrl + D = logs you out.
Ctrl + R = finds the last command matching the entered letters.
Enter a letter, followed by Tab + Tab = lists the available commands beginning with those letters.
Ctrl + U = deletes the current line.
Ctrl + K = deletes the command from the cursor right.
Ctrl + W = deletes the word before the cursor.
Ctrl + L = clears the terminal output
Shift + Ctrl + C = copy the highlighted command to the clipboard.
Shift + Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) = pastes the contents of the clipboard.
Alt + F = moves forward one word.
Alt + B = moves backward one word.
Arrow Up/Down = browse command history
Shift + PageUp / PageDown = Scroll terminal output

Keyboard shortcuts for Compiz

Alt + Tab = switch between open windows
Win + Tab = switch between open windows with Shift Switcher or Ring Switcher effect
Win + E = Expo, show all workspace
Ctrl + Alt + Down = Film Effect
Ctrl + Alt + Left mouse button = Rotate Desktop Cube
Alt + Shift + Up = Scale Windows
Ctrl + Alt + D = Show Desktop
Win + Left mouse button = take screenshot on selected area
Win + Mousewheel = Zoom In/Out
Alt + Mousewheel = Transparent Window
Alt + F8 = Resize Window
Alt + F7 = Move Window
Win + P = Add Helper
F9 = show widget layer
Shift + F9 = show water effects
Win + Shift + Left mouse button = Fire Effects
Win + Shift + C = Clear Fire Effects
Win + Left mouse button = Annotate: Draw
Win + 1 = Start annotation
Win + 3 = End annotation
Win + S = selects windows for grouping
Win + T = Group Windows together
Win + U = Ungroup Windows
Win + Left/Right = Flip Windows

Keyboard shortcut for Nautilus

Shift + Ctrl + N = Create New Folder
Ctrl + T = Delete selected file(s) to trash
Alt + ENTER = Show File/Folder Properties
Ctrl + 1 = Toggle View As Icons
Ctrl + 2 = Toggle View As List
Shift + Right = Open Directory (Only in List View)
Shift + Left = Close Directory (Only in List View)
Ctrl + S = Select Pattern
F2 = Rename File
Ctrl + A = Select all files and folders
Ctrl + W = Close Window
Ctrl + Shift + W = Close All Nautilus Windows
Ctrl + R = Reload Nautilus Window
Alt + Up = Open parent directory
Alt + Left = Back
Alt + Right = Forward
Alt + Home = go to Home folder
Ctrl + L = go to location bar
F9 = Show sidepane
Ctrl + H = Show Hidden Files
Ctrl + + = Zoom In
Ctrl + – = Zoom Out
Ctrl + 0 = Normal Size

Corel Draw Shortcut Keys


Modifier Key Key Description of shortcut
 Ctrl A Select all anchors
 Ctrl Right Arrow Micro nudge anchor right
 Ctrl Up Arrow Micro nudge anchor up
  Shift A Vertically distributes the space between the selected objects
B Aligns selected objects to the bottom
  Shift B Distributes selected objects to the bottom
 Ctrl B Brightness/contrast/intensity
 Ctrl Shift B Color balance
C Vertically aligns the centers of the selected objects
  Shift C Vertically distributes the centers of the selected objects
 Ctrl C Place copies of one or more objects on the clipboard.
Delete Deletes the selected object(s)
  Shift Delete Move one or more objects to the clipboard.
E Horizontally aligns the centers of the selected objects
  Shift E Horizontally distributes the centers of the selected objects
Alt F12 Aligns text to the baseline
 Ctrl F8 Converts artistic text to paragraph text or vice versa
 Ctrl F9 Opens the contour docker window
I Add artistic brush, spray, and calligraphic effects by using freehand strokes.
 Ctrl Insert Place copies of one or more objects on the clipboard.
 Ctrl K Break the object apart to create multiple objects and paths.
L Aligns selected objects to the left
  Shift L Distributes selected objects to the left
 Ctrl L Combine objects into a single object with common properties.
P Aligns the centers of the selected objects to page
  Shift P Horizontally distributes the space between the selected objects
 Ctrl Q Allow the object to be modified by using the shape tools.
 Ctrl Shift Q Converts an outline to an object
R Aligns selected objects to the right
  Shift R Distributes selected objects to the right
T Aligns selected objects to the top
 Ctrl T Change the properties of text characters.
 Ctrl X Move one or more objects to the clipboard.
 Ctrl Comma Changes the text to horizontal direction
D Draw a grid.
 Ctrl D Duplicates the selected object(s) and offsets by a specified amount
Alt  Shift D Align objects with other objects by using dynamic guidelines.
 Ctrl E Save a duplicate of the document to a different file format.
 Ctrl F Selects object(s) by specified properties
F11 Fill an object with a gradient of colors or shades.
 Ctrl F11 Opens the insert character docker window
Alt F11 Macro &editor…
Alt  Shift F11 &macro manager
Alt F3 Opens the lens docker window
Alt F4 Exits coreldraw and prompts to save the active drawing
F5 Draw curves and straight line segments.
 Ctrl F5 Opens the graphic and text styles docker window
F7 Draw circles and ellipses by dragging in the drawing window.
 Ctrl F7 Opens the envelope docker window
F9 Displays a full-screen preview of the drawing

Opera Mini Keyboard shortcuts

download (2)      Lock-opera

Standard keys


Move one line up
Move one line down
Move one character to the right
Move one character to the left
Move one screen-full up
  • Page Up
  • Shift + Space
Move one screen-full down
  • Page Down
  • Space
Move one screen-full to the left Ctrl + Page Up
Move one screen-full to the right Ctrl + Page Down
Go to top Home
Go to bottom End


Cycle focus forward within active context Tab
Cycle focus backward within active context Shift + Tab
Activate Enter
Exit context or cancel Esc
Display context (right-click) menu Shift + F10
Properties dialogue
  • Alt + Enter
  • Ctrl + I

System keys

Open file Ctrl + O
Save copy of page Ctrl + S
Print page Ctrl + P
Close Opera Ctrl + Q
Hide Opera Ctrl + Alt + Shift + H

Text keys


Undo recent changes Ctrl + Z
Redo recent changes
  • Ctrl + Y
  • Ctrl + Shift + Z
Copy selection to clipboard
  • Ctrl + C
  • Ctrl + Insert
Move selection to clipboard
  • Ctrl + X
  • Shift + Delete
Paste from clipboard
  • Ctrl + V
  • Shift + Insert
Copy selected text to “Notes” panel Ctrl + Shift + C
Select all Ctrl + A
Delete selection (or character right of cursor) Delete
Delete selection (or character left of cursor) Backspace
Toggle text-style bold Ctrl + B
Toggle text-style italic Ctrl + I
Toggle text-style underline Ctrl + U
Convert hex to Unicode Ctrl + Shift + X

UNIX editing keys

These are classic UNIX keyboard shortcuts, which you can enable by choosing “Opera Standard for UNIX” from Preferences > Advanced > Shortcuts.

Go to end of line Ctrl + E
Go to beginning of line Ctrl + A
Go to next character Ctrl + F
Go to previous character Ctrl + B
Go to next line Ctrl + N
Go to previous line Ctrl + P
Paste (Yank) Ctrl + Y
Delete to end of line Ctrl + K
Delete next character Ctrl + D
Delete previous character Ctrl + H


Find text Ctrl + F
Find next instance of text
  • Ctrl + G
  • F3
Find previous instance of text
  • Ctrl + Shift + G
  • Shift + F3
Search for text in page (press F9 first to set focus on page)
  • (numeric) /
  • . (period)
Search for text in links in page (press F9 first to set focus on page)
  • Shift + (numeric) /
  • , (comma)

Loading keys


Go to your home page
  • Ctrl + Space
  • Alt + Home
Enter a Web address F2
Paste and go in current or new tab Ctrl + Shift + V
Speed Dial Ctrl + 0-9
Enter nickname for fast bookmark access Shift + F2
Save page address as new bookmark Ctrl + D
Save as new bookmark in active bookmark folder Ctrl + Shift + D


Reload (get latest version of) page
  • Ctrl + R
  • F5
Reload selected frame
  • Alt + F5
Stop page loading Esc

Navigation keys


Go to next page in history
  • Alt + →
  • Ctrl + →
  • Shift + Backspace
Go to previous page in history
  • Alt + ←
  • Ctrl + ←
  • Backspace
Fast Forward
  • Shift + Backspace
  • Space

Site navigation

To remove the last part of any Web address (such as a sub-directory) and go to that address, press Ctrl + Backspace.

Display modes

Print preview (toggles on/off) Ctrl + Shift + P
Use entire screen for browsing F11
Toggle “Fit to width” Ctrl + F11


View page source Ctrl + U
View source of active frame Ctrl + Shift + U
Validate source of active page or frame Ctrl + Alt + Shift + U

Developer Tools

Open developer tool Ctrl + Shift + I


Increase zoom % by steps of 10
  • Plus
  • Ctrl + Plus
Decrease zoom % by steps of 10
  • Minus
  • Ctrl + Minus
Restore zoom to 100%
  • *
  • Ctrl + 0
Select next link in page Ctrl + ↓
Select previous link in page Ctrl + ↑
Follow selected link Enter
Open selected link in new tab Shift + Enter
Open selected link in background tab Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Save link target (such as document or image) Ctrl + Shift + S

Spatial navigation keys

Navigate between links and form elements Shift + ← ↑ → ↓

Tip: The combination of the Shift key and arrow keys is the fastest way of moving around a Web page when wanting to locate links and Web form elements.

Form keys

Log in/auto-fill form using the Wand Ctrl + Enter
Go to next element in form Tab
Go to previous element in form Shift + Tab
Select form element
  • Space
  • Enter

Access keys

These shortcuts are unique to pages that have access keys enabled.

Toggle HTML access keys Shift + Esc
Enter HTML access keys A-Z and 0-9

Page keys: basics

Browse in new tab Ctrl + T
Close active tab
  • Ctrl + W
  • Ctrl + F4
Undo closing of tab Ctrl + Shift + T

Application windows

Browse in new application window Ctrl + N

Tab keys: switching

Cycle to next tab (defaults to recently used order) Ctrl + Tab
Cycle to previous tab (defaults to recently used order) Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Switch to previous tab on tab bar Ctrl + Shift + F6
Switch to next tab on tab bar Ctrl + F6

Panel keys: activation

Toggle last active panel with panel selector F4
Toggle last active panel Shift + F4
Activate panels for keyboard navigation F7
Expand all folders/views in panel Shift + →
Collapse all folders/views in panel Shift + ←
Open “Search” panel Ctrl + Shift + 1
Open “Bookmarks” panel
  • Ctrl + Shift + 2
  • Ctrl + B
Open “Mail” panel Ctrl + Shift + 3
Open “Contacts” panel Ctrl + Shift + 4
Open “Chat” panel Ctrl + Shift + 5
Open “Notes” panel Ctrl + Shift + 6
Open “Transfers” panel Ctrl + Shift + 7
Open “History” panel
  • Ctrl + Shift + 8
  • Ctrl + H
Open “Links” panel Ctrl + Shift + 9
Open “Windows” panel Ctrl + Shift + 0

Panel keys: actions


Open bookmark Enter
Open bookmark in new tab Shift + Enter
Open bookmark in background tab Ctrl + Shift + Enter


Mark all e-mail in selected view as read Ctrl + Shift + A


Show messages associated with contact Enter
Compose message to contact Shift + Enter


Open transferred file Enter


Edit your preferences
  • Alt + P
  • Ctrl + F12
Quickly edit most popular preferences F12
Edit browser appearance Shift + F12


Toggle main menu Alt + F11

Focus keys

Set focus to Web page (to enable keyboard navigation) F9
Set focus to address field
  • F8
  • Ctrl + L
  • Alt + D
Set focus to search field Ctrl + E
Set focus to personal bar (only when you have search fields) Shift + F7
Restore original address in address field and set focus to page Esc

Manager pages

Manage bookmarks
  • Ctrl + Shift + B
Manage transfers
  • Ctrl + J
Manage history
  • Ctrl + Shift + H
Manage links Ctrl + Shift + L

E-mail keys: reading and sending


Check e-mail Ctrl + K
Write new message Ctrl + M
Attach files to message Ctrl + O
Upload queued messages to mail server Ctrl + Shift + K
Send composed message
  • Ctrl + Shift + S
  • Ctrl + Enter


Go to next message J
Go to previous message U
Go to next unread message
  • H
  • Shift + J
Go to previous unread message
  • Y
  • Shift + U
Move one screen-full up Shift + Space
Move one screen-full down, then go to next unread Space
Scroll up in message body (even if focus on message list) Alt + ↑
Scroll down in message body (even if focus on message list) Alt + ↓
Set focus to message list F8
Set focus to message F9


Expand all threads Shift + →
Collapse all threads Shift + ←
Mark thread as read M
Mark thread as read, go to next unread N

E-mail keys: managing


Mark selected message as read K
Mark selected message as read, and go to next unread e-mail G
Mark selected message as read, and go to previous unread e-mail T
Mark selected message as unread Shift + K
Mark all messages in active view as read Ctrl + Shift + A
Move selected message to Trash Delete
Delete selected message permanently, without moving to Trash Shift + Delete


Reply to message R
Reply to all recipients of message, including sender Shift + R
Forward message F
Redirect message D
Continue editing message (Drafts, Outbox, and Sent views) Enter
Focus “Quick reply” field
  • Q
  • Shift + F9


Save sender’s address as new contact A
Save attachments Shift + S
Label message (for example important or funny) L, 1-7
View all messages associated with sender E
Copy raw message data to clipboard C


Toggle different layout of message list and message body I

Chat keys

Download and list available rooms on chat server Ctrl + Shift + J
Set focus to chat input field Shift + F9

Help keys

Open Opera’s help window F1
Search while viewing help page Ctrl + F

More information

Learn more about using the keyboard.

Single-key shortcuts

Opera 9.5 disables the following single-key shortcuts, which were enabled by default in Opera 9.2 and previous. To re-enable these shortcuts, check the box marked “Enable single-key shortcuts” in Preferences > Advanced > Shortcuts.

Function Single-Key Shortcut
Switch to previous tab on tab bar 1
Switch to next tab on tab bar 2
Cycle through frames in page 3 and Shift + 3
Minimize tab 4
Restore/Maximize tab 5
Restore zoom to 100% 6
Zoom out by 100% 7
Zoom in by 100% 8
Zoom out by 10% 9
Zoom in by 10% 0
Cycle through links in page A and Q
Cycle through headers in page S and W
Cycle through elements in page D and E
Toggle between author mode and user mode Shift + G
Address bar history drop-down H
Load and display all images I
Toggle loading of images Shift + I
Speak selected text V
Forward X
Fast forward Shift + X
Back Z
Rewind Shift + Z

Firefox Keyboard and Mouse Shortcuts

mozilla_firefox_art-wide (2)

Browser Management Windows Mac OS X Linux
Help F1 Cmd+Shift+? F1
Add Bookmark Ctrl+D Cmd+D Ctrl+D
Copy Bookmark Ctrl+Drag Opt+Drag Ctrl+Drag
Bookmark all Tabs into a Folder Ctrl+Shift+D Cmd+Shift+D n/a
Organize Bookmarks Ctrl+Shift+O Cmd+Shift+O Ctrl+Shift+O
Bookmarks Sidebar (toggle) Ctrl+B
Cmd+B Ctrl+B
Browsing History (toggle) Ctrl+H Cmd+Shift+H Ctrl+H
Download History Ctrl+J Cmd+J Ctrl+Shift+Y 7
Error Console Ctrl+Shift+J Cmd+Shift+J Ctrl+Shift+J
Start Private Browsing (toggle) 1 Ctrl+Shift+P Cmd+Shift+P Ctrl+Shift+P
Clear Recent History 3 Ctrl+Shift+Del Cmd+Shift+Del Ctrl+Shift+Del
Web Navigation Windows Mac OS X Linux
Open Home Page Alt+Home Option+Home Alt+Home
Open Home Page in New Tab Ctrl+ Home button Cmd+ Home button Ctrl+ Home button
Back one Page Alt+
Shift+Scroll down
Option+Scroll down
Shift+Scroll down
Previous Page in New Tab Ctrl+ Back button Cmd+ Back button Ctrl+ Back button
Forward one Page Alt+
Shift+Scroll up
Option+Scroll up
Shift+Scroll up
Next Page in New Tab Ctrl+ Forward button Cmd+ Forward button Ctrl+ Forward button
Open Link/Bookmark Enter
Open Link/Bookmark
in new Background Tab 4
Open Link/Bookmark
in new Foreground Tab 4
Cmd+Shift+Click Ctrl+Shift+Left-click
Paste URL in Tab n/a n/a Middle-click in Tab 6
Open Link/Bookmark
in New Window
Save Link Target As Alt+Enter Option+Return Alt+Enter
Caret Browsing F7 F7 F7
Page Manipulation Windows Mac OS X Linux
Full Screen (toggle) F11 Cmd+Shift+F 8 F11
Zoom In 2 Ctrl++
Ctrl+Scroll up
Ctrl+Scroll up
Ctrl+Scroll up
Zoom Out 2 Ctrl+-
Ctrl+Scroll down
Ctrl+Scroll down
Ctrl+Scroll down
Default Zoom Level 2 Ctrl+0 Cmd+0 Ctrl+0
Print Ctrl+P Cmd+P Ctrl+P
Reload Page F5
Force Reload Page (override cache) Ctrl+F5
Shift+Reload button
Shift+Reload button
Shift+Reload button
Stop Loading Esc Esc
Save Page As Ctrl+S
Cmd+S Ctrl+S
Open File Ctrl+O Cmd+O Ctrl+O
Page Source Ctrl+U Cmd+U Ctrl+U
Page Info n/a Cmd+I Ctrl+I
Page Navigation Windows Mac OS X Linux
Go Down One Line
Alt+Scroll down

Alt+Scroll down
Go Up One Line
Alt+Scroll up

Alt+Scroll up
Go Down One Screen PageDown
Shift+Backspace 5
Go Up One Screen PageUp
Backspace 5
Go to Bottom of Page End End End
Go to Top of Page Home Home Home
Move to Next Frame F6 F6 F6
Move to Previous Frame Shift+F6 Shift+F6 Shift+F6
Move Focus to Next Actionable Item Tab Tab Tab
Move Focus to Previous Actionable Item Shift+Tab Shift+Tab Shift+Tab
Tabs and Windows Windows Mac OS X Linux
Open New Tab Ctrl+T
Double-Click on Tab Bar
Double-Click on Tab Bar
Double-Click on Tab Bar
Close Tab
(close Window if only one tab)
Middle-click on Tab
Middle-click on Tab
Undo Close Tab Ctrl+Shift+T Cmd+Shift+T Ctrl+Shift+T
Copy Tab Ctrl+Drag Opt+Drag Ctrl+Drag
Next Tab Ctrl+Tab
Previous Tab Ctrl+Shift+Tab
Select Tab [1 to 8] Ctrl+18 Cmd+18 Alt+18
Select Last Tab Ctrl+9 Cmd+9 Alt+9
Open New Window Ctrl+N Cmd+N Ctrl+N
Close Window Ctrl+Shift+W
Location Bar Windows Mac OS X Linux
Select Location Bar Ctrl+L
Complete .com Address Ctrl+Enter Cmd+Return Ctrl+Enter
Complete .net Address Shift+Enter Shift+Return Shift+Enter
Complete .org Address Ctrl+Shift+Enter Cmd+Shift+Return Ctrl+Shift+Enter
Open Address in New Tab Alt+Enter Option+Return Alt+Enter
Search Bar Windows Mac OS X Linux
Select Search Bar Ctrl+K
Cmd+K Ctrl+K
Select Next Search Engine Ctrl+ Cmd+ Ctrl+
Select Previous Search Engine Ctrl+ Cmd+ Ctrl+
Open List of Search Engines Alt+
Open Search Results in New Tab Alt+Enter Option+Return Alt+Enter
Forms Windows Mac OS X Linux
Select Next Entry
Select Previous Entry
Toggle Checkbox Spacebar Spacebar Spacebar
Auto Complete Windows Mac OS X Linux
Select Next Auto-Complete Entry
Select Previous Auto-Complete Entry
Delete Selected Auto-Complete Entry Del Del Del
Text Manipulation Windows Mac OS X Linux
Select All Ctrl+A Cmd+A Ctrl+A
Cut Ctrl+X Cmd+X Ctrl+X
Copy Ctrl+C Cmd+C Ctrl+C
Paste Ctrl+V Cmd+V Ctrl+V
Delete Del Del Del
Undo Ctrl+Z Cmd+Z Ctrl+Z
Redo Ctrl+Shift+Z
Cmd+Shift+Z Ctrl+Shift+Z
Search in Page Windows Mac OS X Linux
Find in This Page Ctrl+F Cmd+F Ctrl+F
Find Again Ctrl+G
Find Previous Ctrl+Shift+G
Quick Find Text / / /
Quick Find Link ' ' '
Media (Ogg/Theora) Windows Mac OS X Linux
Play/Pause (toggle) Spacebar Spacebar Spacebar
Decrease Volume
Increase Volume
Mute Ctrl+ Cmd+ Ctrl+
Unmute Ctrl+ Cmd+ Ctrl+
Back to Beginning Home Home Home
Back 10% Ctrl+ Cmd+ Ctrl+
Back 15 seconds
Forward 15 seconds
Forward 10% Ctrl+ Cmd+ Ctrl+
Forward to End End End End